TREMOR – shake / earthquake  OBFUSCATE – cover, confuse        PLAGIARISM  – copy someone’s literature   HALLUCINATION – seeing what is not

PERJURY – lying under oath           AMICABLE – friendly                        SUBSTANTIAL – a lot  

YEARN/ LONGING  – want/desire  OPULENT – showing expenses      DEBRIS  – broken leftovers of building      CRESTFALLEN – come down           PROCRASTINATE – delay                ALLEVIATE – remove                       HUBRIS – arrogance    JAUNTILY / JOVIAL – with liveliness, purpose

PEDANT – person who insists on formal rules / exact meaning          NOCTURNAL – active in night    

ELOPE – to run away with lover     WINDFALL GAIN – surprise profit    STOWAWAY – who hides on ship to travel for free INEFFABLE – impossible to describe DENIGRATE – to damage someone’s character                                     VOLLEY – continuous stream of      HOLLER – loud shouts                  CHIVALRY – courtesy towards ladies    CAPTIVE – Within control   ARCHAIC  – very old    DETERRENCE/DETERRENT – a stopping threat/factor       SQUEAMISH – not loud     MICROCOSM – environment     MONETARILY/MONETARY – regarding money     RIVETED – fixed         SYCOPHANCY – flaterrer / chaplusi        LABYRINTH  – a series of   SUCCUMB – fell to        PERPLEX – confuse        ABRASIVE  – crude       PURGED OFF – removed from    GRAPPLE – wrestle / fight                      REMNANTS – remaining parts         ONUS – its on you      LACKADAISICAL – lazy in a dreamy way    FORSAKE – leave someone who needs or counts on you          VIRULENT – extremely poisonous or injurious                 OBLITERATE – remove completely from recognition or memory  CONUNDRUM – a difficult problem  BOLSTER – support    CALAMITY  – Tragedy      CHARISMA – Charm, appeal        DAUNTLESS – brave DABBLE – Indulge in     DEPLORE – criticize ASSENT – rise    MOTIVATION – drive PERPETUAL – always   DEFIANCE  – resistance  RESIDUE – remains   EMANCIPATE  – lift up / raise standard                         HOSTILITY – enmity    FORBID – prevent  AMBIGIOUS – double meaning / confusing                          COUNTERFEIT – not original     FUSION – mixture     ESCALATE  – increase  TERMINATE – end/finish  GRAVITATE – move towards        AGILE   – nimble, swift               BLITHE –  carefree                                                     CONCEIT        –    extra pride in oneself          ARCHIVE – old            ATROPHY – wastage        BECKON – call with expression  BELLIGERENT – tending to fight        BENIGN – not growing           ACCRUE – accumulate                  RECKON – decide after calculating       ARSON – fight/riots/violence    NARCISSISTIC – self obsessed             ASYLUM      – shelter          BEHEMOTH – giant        VOCIFEROUS – loudly                 PLACIBO – dose without medicine      CONCEDE – Give in / agree after first disagreeing        ANNIHILATE – destroy     CONCUR – give sanction        RETALIATE – fight back           ATONEMENT – prashyit               UBIQUITOUS – found everywhere            STOIC – can withstand stress   BEREAVEMENT – sorrow after  death           BEQUEATH – give    VEHEMENTLY – very strongly           COMMEMORATE – celebrate    ADORE – love                   BANAL – boring, repetitive         PILFER – steal    FIREBRAND – tough tongue   FIASCO  – flop thing,   ULTERIOR  –  inner motive, wrong intention,    ABEYANCE  – suspended indefinitely   PLACATE – making calm and quiet    PACIFIST  – one who doesn’t like war    HEYDAY – past days of glory   BURGEONING  – filled with      RILE – disturbance     GARISH – shameless display  of money ERSTWHILE – of past      VILIFY  – spoil someone’s character     ARCHETYPE  – initial model of things to be made      CRYPTIC  – secretive, with clues,  PENCHANT –flair for, love for something  FAWNING – buttering  LAGGARD – one who is always late  INGRAINED –  deeply set

ABHOR – hate        AUTHENTIC  – original         ALLURE – attract       ABOLISH  – ban             ABJECT – bad state     ACCEDE – give up        ARROGANT – too proud          ASTRAY – go on wrong path      ACCUMEN – intelligence     AMIABLE – friendly         AMENABLE – accepted easily         ADVENT  – start   ABYSMAL – low chances          ACQUISITION – to acquire       ADEPT – skillful         ADVERSARY – enemy           AESTHETIC – graceful, with style    AGITATE – getting angry   AFFORD – ability to buy  ALLUDE – to tell something secretly   ALTERCATION – argument     ANOMALY – exception            ABANDON – leave, discard  ACQUIT – free someone   ALIMONY – money after divorce ABSTAIN –  stay away           ACCOMPLICE – partner      ADMONISH – scold      ADORN – to make something beautiful   ADULATION – appreciation       AGRARIAN – related to agriculture      ALLEGE – blame           ALLEGIENCE – loyalty        AMNESTY – forgiveness         AFFLUENT – rich         ASCERTAIN – check again                     ANARCHY – disorder, chaos     AMUSE – entertain        ATTRIBUTE – link to, qualities    ATTIRE – dress

AVARICE –greed     BAFFLE – confuse      BALEFUL – deadly / evil      BALK – stop suddenly

BALLAD – song     BANTER – chat      BARBARIC – cruel     BARREN  – infertile   BEGUILE – charm someone deceptively     BELITTLE – to make someone small       BENEFACTOR – one who supports financially   BLUNT – not sharp   EPOCH – era     DECIMATE – destroy      DRACONIAN – cruel      FROTH – bubbles     LITHARGY – laziness     JURISDICTION – area of responsibility         RHETORIC – saying repeatedly        TANGIBLE – which can be measured      GULLIBLE – easily manipulated       FRATERNITY – community       HEINOUS– very bad  JARGON –  typical language     CATAPULT – device with rubber to throw stones       ELONGATE – to stretch     NASCENT  – early stage                                 OXYMORON – something in which opposites are true/impossible

       MUNDANE – boring, repetitive      TYRANT – cruel king          RAMPART – protrusion in a Fort      STIMULATE – to give an input / boost       RAMPANT – widespread         LIQUIDATE – sell everything and shut       RETICENT – one who speaks less      VAGABOND – one who keeps travelling without  a shelter      CACOPHONY – harsh sound     VERACITY – truthfulness  IDIOSYNCRACIES –  strange habits   ZEST –  zeal, enthusiasm      INFIRMITY – lack of firmness  RENDEVOUS – meeting point       EVOCATIVE –  to bring out feelings        IMPROMPTU – without preparation



underbid make a lower bid then somebody else
euthanasia easy and painless death
irate angry
decree order given by authority
lampoon publicly mock or ridicule
alcove recess/partially enclosed place
turquoise greenish-blue precious stone
hapless unlucky
miser person who loves wealth and spends little
frantic wildly excited with joy; pain; anxiety
woo try to win
pervade spread through every part of
concoct invent, prepare by mixing together
reverent feeling or showing deep respect
imminent likely to come or happen soon
valiant brave
irrevocable final and unalterable
derogatory insulting;  damaging
voluptuous arousing sensual pleasures
tarnished lost brightness/daag lagna
soggy heavy with water
vindictive having a desire to take revenge
pinch be too tight take between the thumb and finger
earthenware dishes made of baked clay
suppress To prevent / dabana / push down
hoax mischievous trick played to deceive
savor Taste, flavor something
unearth discover and bring to light
loquacious talkative; garrulous
defiance open disobedience or resistance
warmonger person who stirs up war
gust outburst of feeling; sudden rain wind fire etc.
candid frank; straight-forward
coalescing coming together and uniting into one substance
counterfeit forgery
Pilfer steal, especially in small quantities
precursory preliminary; anticipating
gush burst out suddenly/talk ardently
quandary state of doubt or perplexity
plunge move quickly suddenly and with force
wanton unrestrained; willfully malicious; unchaste
revere have deep respect for
punitive Punishing
swerve change direction suddenly
torment severe pain or suffering
dawdler person who is slow waste of time
abraded rubbed off; worn away by friction
noxious Harmful
vitriolic corrosive; sarcastic
compunction feeling of regret for one’s action
squander spend wastefully
exculpate to clear from a charge of guilt
antithetical direct opposing
stifled suppressed, kept back
deplete use until none remains
recompense make payment to reward punish
propagation increasing the number; spreading; extending
coerce Compel, to force, to make obedient
implacable incapable of being placated; unpleasable
vigilance Watchfulness, self-appointed group who maintain order
proliferate grow / reproduce by rapid multification
holster leather case for a pistol
aseptic surgically clean
apropos by the way
ineptitude quality of being unskillful
distraught distracted violently, upset in mind
reciprocity granting of privileges in return for similar
peccadillo small sin, small weakness in one’s character
lustrous being bright; polished, shiny
extol to praise highly
condense increase in density/ strength, make laconic
fawn To seek favour or attention by flattery
personable pleasing in appearance, attractive
forestall prevent by taking action in advance; pre-empt
stipulate state or put forward as a necessary condition
lament show feeling of great sorrow
provoke make angry, vax
subpoena written order requiring a person to appear in a low court
plummet Fall, plunge steeply
soot black powder in smoke
accrue Accumulate
complaisance tending to comply, obliging, willingness to please
illicit unlawful; forbidden
valorous Brave
apprehensive Fear / unhappy feeling about future
idolatry excessive admiration of
viscous sticky/semi-fluid
haughty arrogant; conceited
concord agreement or harmony
aversion strong dislike
latent present but not yet active; developed or visible
supersede take the place of
topple be unsteady and overturn
entangle put into difficulties
deviance being different in moral standards (from normal)
inept unskillful; said or done at the wrong time
variegate To mark with different shade or colors
pristine Primitive, unspoiled, pure as in earlier times unadulterated
impediment something that hinders (e.g. stammer)
wince show bodily or mental pain
prevalent Common
undermine weaken gradually at the base
enunciate pronounce (words)/express a theory
malevolence wishing to do evil
slack sluggish; dull; not tight
arduous steep difficult ascent; laborious
iconoclast person who attacks popular beliefs
pungency Sharpness, stinging quality
chortle loud chuckle of pleasure or amusement
aloof reserved; indifferent
placate Soothe, pacify, calm
regicide crime of killing a king
palate roof of the mouth; sense of taste
indomitable not easily discouraged or subdued
calisthenics exercises to develop strong bodies
polemic a controversial argument / a person engaged in such an argument
recluse person who lives alone and avoids people
felon person guilty of murder
whimsical full of odd and fanciful ideas
hush make or become silent
frugal careful; economical
finesse delicate way of dealing with a situation
shun keep away from avoid
apprise give notice to inform
bigot stubborn; narrow-minded person
tamper interfere with
muffler cloth worn round the neck; silencer
imperative urgent; essential
lavish giving or producing freely liberally or generously
enthral take the whole attention, enslave
dismal sad; gloomy; miserable
smolder burn slowly without flame
perilous dangerous
floe a sheet of floating ice
trickle flow in drops
disencumber free from encumbrance
impending imminent; about to happen; expected
stickler person who insists on importance of something
vehemence forcefulness
stigma mark of shame or disgrace
castigation severe punishment
avow admit; declare openly
mendacious lying; habitually dishonest
nihilism total rejection of all religious and moral beliefs
benevolence wish or activity in doing good
deter Discourage, hinder
tenacity firmness persistency adhesiveness tending to hang on
indulge gratify; give way to satisfy allow oneself
squat crouch/settle without permission
incredulous skeptical; unwilling to believe
exuberance state of growing vigorously being full of life
incessant Constant
apostate one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
gist the point general sense
connotation Suggestion, in addition to
transient Temporary, fleeting
conciliatory reconciling; soothing; comforting; mollifying
empirical relying on experiment
berate scold sharply
soar rise fly high
arcane known or understood by very few
engrave impress deeply
procrastination keeping on putting off
subdue overcome bring under control
flaunting show off complacently
impair worsen; diminish in value
tassel bunch of threads
immaculate pure; faultless
prone prostrate; inclined to (undesirable things)
astute clever quick at seeing to get an advantage
extrovert cheerful person
coy shy/modest (especially of a girl)
approbation approval
pillage plunder (especially in war)
incorrigibility cannot be cured or corrected
taciturn unspoken, silent
efface rub or wipe out, obliterate
mollify make calmer or quieter
sober self-controlled
truce (agreement) stop of fighting for a time
exorbitant much too high or great
bolster give greatly needed support
conviction convincing firm belief
diabolical having the qualities of a devil
castigate to chastise; correct by punishing
fallacious based on error
precepts rules establishing standards of conduct
curtail make shorter then was planned
flamboyant brightly colored; florid
nonchalant not having interest
vex annoy distress trouble
gorge eat greedily/narrow opening with a stream
poncho large piece of cloth
inscrutable incapable of being discovered or understood
impassive unmoved; feeling no sign of passion
grandiloquent using pompous words
espouse To take in marriage
pitfall covered hole as a trap unsuspected danger
boorish crude; rude
shrill sharp; piercing
lull become quiet or less active
imperturbable calm not capable of being excited
arboreal of connected with trees
coddle treat with care and tenderness
timorous fearful timid afraid
sagacious having sound judgment; perceptive; wise like a sage
prudence careful forethought
cohort a group or band of people
oblivious unaware; having no memory
ignoble not noble; inferior
perch take up a high position
disseminate distribute (esp. ideas)
rescind repeal/annul/cancel
ebullient overflowing with enthusiasm showing excitement
intersperse place here and there
nebulous cloud-like; hazy; vague; indistinct
laudatory expressing or giving praise
bask in enjoy warmth and light
fluke lucky; stroke
heed attention/give notice to
pliant easily bent
endearing making dear or liked
matriculation be admitted enter a university as a student
precarious uncertain risky dangerous
embellish make beautiful
ominous threatening
fluster make nervous or confused
inferno hell
susceptibility sensitiveness
dubious feeling doubt
graze touch or scrape lightly in passing
malapropism misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)
quell suppress subdue
irascible irritable; easily angered
ostracism shut out from society refuse to meet talk
divulge make known something secret
incise engrave; make a cut in
maverick rebel; nonconformist
palpitate tremble beat rapidly and irregularly
ambrosial extremely pleasing to taste
extort obtain by threats violence
sidestep step to one side
cling to resist separation
arabesque a complex ornate design
corroboration additional strengthening evidence
cantankerous bad-tempered/quarrelsome
ferocity savage cruelty
insensible unconscious; unresponsive; unaffected
epitome brief summary representative example a typical model
chaste pure
expurgate to remove obscenity purify censor
garner to gather and save to store up
rift split crack dissension
fidget move restlessly make nervous
efficacy production of a desired result
enmity hatred being an enemy
impervious not allowing to pass through (of materials)
palpability can be felt or touched
gourmand a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess
credulous ready to believe things
morbid diseased; unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas)
superfluous more then is needed or wanted
feral Existing in a wild or untamed state
attune bring into harmony
equipoise equal distribution of weight equilibrium
plead address a court of law as an advocate
convoke call together summon
veer change direction
Conduce To bring about
lackluster (of eyes) dull
chastisement punishment
benign kind and gentle
breach opening; broken place; breaking
pious dutiful to parents; devoted to religion
dissent have a different opinion refuse to assent
rarefy to make thin to make less dense to purify or refine
neophyte person who has been converted to a belief
reticence uncommunicativeness
veneration regard with deep respect
trudge walk heavily
grave serious requiring; consideration
thrift care economy thriving prosperous
blas� bored with pleasure or dissipation
daunt intimidate make fearful
impiety lack of reverence or dutifulness
irresolute hesitating; undecided
temperate showing self-control
heresy belief contrary to what is generally accepted
disheveled untidy
rave act with excessive enthusiasm
frenetic frantic; frenzied
fret worry; irritation; wear away
chicanery legal trickery/false argument
scalding hot enough to boil
guile deceit; cunning
tawdry cheap gaudy showy tacky
feckless lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless
ardor enthusiasm
telltale That gives warning or information
jocular meant as a joke
debacle a breakup overthrow sudden disaster
striated striped grooved or banded
cajole use flattery or deceit to persuade
taunt contemptuous reproach hurtful remark
exoneration set someone clear (e.g.. from blame)
contentious argumentative pugnacious combative quarrelsome
resilience quality of quickly recovering the original shape
hoodwink trick; mislead
alacrity eager and cheerful; readiness
disdain look on with contempt
abeyance suspended action
glimmer weak/unsteady light
ulterior situated beyond
terse brief and to the point
apotheosis deification glorification to godliness
inimitable defying; imitation; unmatchable
jagged notched
myriad very great number
conundrum a riddle dilemma enigma
nexus a connection or link
incite stir up; rouse
falter waver/move in an uncertain manner
drawl slow way of speaking
clamor shout complain with a lot of noise
clinch come to grips/settle conclusively
render deliver provide represent
abet help/encourage somebody (in doing wrong)
decorum propriety properness
quiescence state of being passive/motionless
ale fermented alcoholic beverage similar to but heavier than beer
innocuous causing no harm
discreet careful/prudent
ruffian violent cruel man
tepid lukewarm
itinerate to travel from place to place to peregrinate
sash long strip worn round the waist
exhaustive complete; thorough
doleful dismal; mourful
recant take back as being FALSE give up
crush press lose shape subdue overwhelm
talon claw of a bird of prey
abrogate repeal or annul by authority
sever break off
sodden soaked; saturated
quack person dishonestly claiming to something
intrepid fearless; brave; undaunted
emaciate make thin and weak
moot open to discussion or debate; doubtful
preternatural not normal or usual
ossify to turn to bone to settle rigidly into an idea
pariah an outcast a rejected and despised person
prim neat; formal
commodious having plenty of space for what is needed
servile like a slave lacking independence
unfeigned not pretended sincere
sketchy shortly, roughly, quickly
flinch draw; move back; wince
fixate stare at
recast cast or fashion anew
insurrection rising of people to open resistance to
transgress break go beyond (a limit)
engrossing taken up all the time or attention writing in large or formal
vilify slander say evil things
intransigence unwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability
heinous odious (of crime)
thwart obstruct/frustrate
infuse put; pour; fill
covert disguised
quixotic fanciful, fantastic, imaginary
ubiquitous present everywhere
putrefaction becoming rotten
assuage make something (pain desire) less
fracas noisy; quarrel
torpid dull and slow
sycophant person who flatter to the rich and powerful
ebullience exuberance outburst of feeling
insinuate suggest unpleasantly; make a way for something gently
urbane elegant refined in manners
austere severely moral and strict simple and plain
inadvertent not paying proper attention
assail attack violently
churlish (adj) boorish
equivocal having a double or doubtful meaning; suspicious
burnish to polish; rub to a shine
stingy spending using unwillingly
colander bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water
proclivity inclination
cower crouch shrink back
provisional of the present time only
mephitic Poisonous; noxious
maul hurt by rough handling
penury extreme poverty
ire anger
guileless honest; straightforward
engender cause produce give rise to
ruddy reddish, healthy-looking
occluded blocked up
profuse abundant/lavish
vain without use result conceited
forfeit suffer the loss of something
rotund rich and deep; plump and round
puerile childish
adamant kind of stone; inflexible
savant person of great learning
enervate weaken deprive of strength attenuate
equivocate try to deceive by equivocal language
dynamo a generator something that produces electric current
gnaw waste away; bite steadily
wean to turn away (from a habit)
beatify to bless; make happy or ascribe a virtue to
discrete distinct
crease line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket
glut supply to much fill to excess
pry get something inquire too curiously
ascertain get to know
splice join (two ends)
reticent reserved; untalkative; silent; taciturn
sting something sharp
elegy a lament a melancholy composition
penitent feeling or showing regret
paucity scarcity a lacking of
pusillanimous cowardly; craven
consummate perfect/make; perfect/complete
cogitate think deeply mediate
diatribe bitter and violent attack in words
obtuse blunt/stupid
stolid showing no emotion impassive
effrontery boldness impudence arrogance
indolence laziness
dissolution disintegration looseness in morals
derision ridicule mockery deriding
pyre large pile of wood for burning
dirge a song of grief or lamentation
erudite learned; scholarly
mercurial quick changeable in character fleeting
corporeal physical of or for the body
pedestrian commonplace trite unremarkable
equable steady; regular
insularity narrow-mindedness; isolated
admonitory containing warning
auspicious favorable successful prosperous
foray to venture
luculent easily understood; lucid; clear
onus responsilibilty,burden
nascent coming into existence; emerging
coeval of the same period; coexisting
decry disapprove of
penchant strong inclination a liking
secular material (not spiritual) living outside monasteries
streak long thin move very fast
vanquish conquer
retinue following; attendants
assiduous diligent hard-working; sedulous
dearth shortage
extirpate to destroy exterminate cut out exscind
baneful causing harm or ruin; pernicious; destructive
condone forgive
accretion the growing of separate things into one
pellucid transparent easy to understand
palliate lessen the severity of
cogent strong; convincing
indelible that cannot be rubbed out
covetous eagerly desirous
discredit refuse to believe
lumber move in a clumsy/noisy way
recidivism relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior
lurk be out of view ready to attack
coda passage that completes a piece of music
cornucopia abundant supply
censure expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke
highbrow (person) with superior tastes
serration having a toothed edge
elicit draw out
caustic biting sarcastic
odious repulsive; hateful
dainty pretty/delicate(food)/difficult to please
veneer surface appearance covering the TRUE nature
chauvinist a blindly devoted patriot
deprave make morally bad;corrupt
duplicity deliberate deception
petrify to make hard rocklike
inane silly; senseless
tyro a beginner
abjure promise or swear to give up
dilate speak comprehensively become wider large
denigrate blacken; belittle; sully; defame
turbid muddy having the sediment stirred up
taut tightly stretched
privation hardship
protracted prolonged
pulchritude Physical beauty
bellicose inclined to fighting
punctilious Meticulous
ignominious shameful; dishonorable; undignified; disgraceful
avid eager; greedy
malign to speak harmful untruths about someone
interim as an installment
inundate flood cover by overflowing
attenuate make thin; weaken; enervate
phlegmatic calm; sluggish; temperament; unemotional
florid very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)
inimical harmful or unfriendly
veracity truth
consume get to the end of
ingenuous naive; young; artless; frank; honest; sincere
sanctimony self-righteousness hypocritical with FALSE piety
prevaricate to equivocate to stray from the truth
exigency emergency an urgent situation
hegemony predominance
lien legal claim until a debt on it is repaid
plaque flat metal on a wall as a memorial
barren not good enough; unable to have young ones without value
aver affirm; assert; prove; justify
credulity too great a readiness to believe things
chagrin vexation
forbearance patience; willingness to wait
snub treat with contempt
volubility fluency verbosity easy use of spoken language
libel statement that damages reputation
conceit over-high opinion of too much pride
idiosyncrasy personal mannerism
fledgling an inexperienced person.
obdurate hardened and unrepenting; stubborn; inflexible
dud no use person something that fails
contiguous touching neighboring near
facile easily done
waft scent waving movement carry lightly through
resigned unresistant; submissive
chastened corrected punished
repudiate disown refuse to accept or pay
abut border on
pernicious harmful; injurious
verisimilitude appearing TRUE or real
somatic of the body
defalcate (v) to embezzle or misappropriate
fringe edge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead
insipid without taste or flavor
husk worthless; outside part of anything
dolt stupid fellow
penurious poor/stingy
incursion a raid; a sudden attack
coax get somebody to do something by kindness
parley negotiation
effluvia outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor
obfuscate to darken; make obscure; muddle
preclude prevent make impossible
disingenuous sophisticated artful trying to deceive cunning
obtain to be established accepted or customary
encumbrance burden things that get on the way of
morose ill-tempered; unsocial
gloat over look at with selfish delight
jejune insubstantial/dull/immature
quirk habit or action peculiar to something
extempore without previous thought or preparation
regale to delight or entertain to feast
disparate essentially different
foil prevent from carrying out
finagle to practice deception or fraud; scheme.
salubrious healthful
scorch become discolored/dry up/go at high speed
perpetrate be guilty commit (a crime)
malinger to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty
discern see with an effort but clearly
Palpable Obvious
perfunctory done as a duty without care
waffle talk vaguely and without much result
transitory brief
pundit pedant authority on a subject
extant still in existence
deluge great flood heavy rush of water
mundane worldly as opposed to spiritual commonplace everyday
tocsin a signal, especially of alarm
ascribe consider to be the origin of or belonging to
visceral of the internal organs of the body
lachrymose causing tears; tearful
sullied to be stained or discredited
exscind to cut out cut away
temerity boldness brashness intrepidness
squalid foul filthy
extenuate reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse
collusion secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
undulate to move in wavelike fashion fluctuate
grovel crawl; humble oneself
fagged too tired
hollow not soled with hole
harbinger One that indicates or foreshadows what is to come; a forerunner.
shrewd astute; showing sound judgement
august majestic; venerable
conspicuous easily seen remarkable
Pastiche work (usually artistic) which imitates
rife widespread
gaucherie socially awkward; tactless behavior
evince to show clearly to indicate
finical too fussy about food clothing etc.
mellifluous sweetly flowing
rancorous feeling bitterness; spitefulness
snare trap
ascetic practicing self-denial; austere; stark
macabre gruesome; suggesting death
uncouth rough awkward
amortize end (a debt) by setting aside money
obviate to make unnecessary get rid of
levity lack of seriousness
paean song of praise or triumph
epiphany A Christian feast celebrating the manifestation of the divine nature of Jesus to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi.
delineate to portray depict sketch out
nadir lowest; weakest point
emote stir up excite
congeal make or become stiff and solid
grouse Complain or grumble (verb)
verve spirit vigor enthusiasm
fervor warmth of feelings earnestness
lope move along with long strides
gauche hence; awkward
lionize treat as a famous person
discourse speech lecture
expostulate argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest
noisome offensive; disgusting (smell)
dogmatic positive certain arbitrary without room for discussion
epicurean devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)
lassitude weariness; tiredness
sumptuous magnificent
sanguine cheerful; confident; optimistic
irksome tiresome
ostentation display to obtain admiration or envy
prodigal wasteful; reckless with money
craven cowardly
imperious commanding; haughty; arrogant
brash hasty rush; cheeky; saucy
didactic intended to instruct
sophomoric being immature
requite repay give in return
presage warning sign
trifling unimportant
verdant fresh and green
intransigent uncompromising
prodigious enormous; wonderful
palatial magnificent
broach bring up; announce; begin to talk about
desiccant substance used to absorb moisture
supine lying on the back slow to act passive
agog eager/excited
philistine a smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge
heretic recreant, protestant,skeptic
ensconce To settle (oneself) securely or comfortably
wile a trick
raconteur person who tells anecdotes
reactionary opposing progress
ferment substance become excited
hauteur haughtiness
perfidious treacherous; faithless
qualm feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness
drone male bee person who isn’t self-employed
propitious auspicious; presenting favorable circumstances
remonstrate to protest object
dilettante a lover of an art or science
rumple make rough
curmudgeon bad-tempered person
inchoate not yet fully formed; rudimentary; elementary
bequest arrangement to give something at death
facetious humorous; funny; jocular
fatuous without sense foolish; self-satisfaction
roll call calling of names
rapacious greedy (esp for money)
reproach scold upbraid
obtrusive projecting; prominent; undesirably noticeable
stymie to hinder obstruct or block
wan looking ill, not bright
baleful harmful; ominous causing evil
preen tidy/show self-satisfaction
jibe gibe; make fun of
bandy discuss lightly or glibly; exchange (words) heatedly
extricable that can be freed
provident frugal; looking to the future
burgeon grow forth send out buds
figurehead carved image on the prow of a ship
overweening presumptuously; arrogant; overbearing
barrage artificial obstacle built across a river
eschew avoid
fetid stinking
discountenance refuse to approve of
rivet fix take up secure metal pin
impetuous having sudden energy; impulsive
vacillation being uncertain hesitating
rueful dejected
equanimity calmness of temperament
pedantic bookish showing off learning
mendicant a beggar
hubris arrogant; pride
atonement repayment death of Jesus
excoriation severe criticism
ford shallow place in a river (to cross)
macerate make or become soft by soaking in water
soporific producing sleep
forswear renounce; disallow; repudiate
skiff small boat
saturnine gloomy; dark; sullen; morose
supplicate make a humble petition to
blithe cheerful; casual; carefree
profundity depth
boggle To hesitate as if in fear or doubt
blandness polite manner; comforting; uninteresting
contemn to scorn or despise
slur join sounds/words (indistinct)
cloture closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
hallow to make holy; consecrate
egress way out exit
tortuous devious/not straightforward
scabbard sheath for the blade
benison blessing
rant use extravagant language
dereliction deserting and leaving to fall into ruins
seminal like a seed constituting a source; originative
perspicacity quick judging and understanding
petrous like a rock hard stony
machination plot; scheme (esp. evil)
restive refusing to move reluctant to be controlled
mendacity dishonesty
festoon a decorative chain or strip hanging between two points
prudish easily shocked; excessively modest
esoteric abstruse intended only for a small circle of
entreat ask earnestly
labyrinthine to entangle the state of affairs
perfidy treachery breaking of faith
vacuity idleness
prune dried plum silly person
contrite filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
incumbents official duties
probity uprightness incorruptibility principle
indigence poverty
manacle chains for the hands or feet
maladroit tactless; clumsy
fervid showing earnest feeling
germane relevant; pertinent to
imbroglio complicated and embarrassing situation
stigmatize describe somebody scornfully
overhaul examine thoroughly to learn about the condition
kibosh block, halt, stop
molt lose hair/feathers before new growing
goad something urging a person to action
specious illogical of questionable truth or merit
cravat piece of linen worn as a necktie
cordon line (of police acting as a guard)
vestige trace or sign
eddy circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)
forage food for horses and cattle
parsimonious too economical; miserly
flax pale yellow (hair) a plant
exploit brilliant achievement develop use selfishly
subsume include under a rule
poignant deeply moving keen
aleck one who considers himself smarter than others
petulant unreasonably; impatient
rubicund red and healthy
ineluctable certain; inevitable
severance severing
depredation plundering
insouciant unconcerned; carefree
platitude a trite or banal statement unoriginality
halcyon calm and peaceful
interdict prohibit forbid
lugubrious mournful; excessively sad
officious too eager or ready to help offer advice
predilection special liking mental preference
flout reject mock to go against (as in going against tradition)
onerous needing effort burdensome
gouge tool for cutting grooves in wood
chary cautious; wary
belligerent (person nation) waging war
profligate wasteful prodigal licentious extravagant
feint pretend
demagogue person appealing not to reasons
cabal a scheme or plot a group of plotters
upbraid scold reproach
deprecate protest against; express disapproval of
impute to attribute to a cause or source ascribe
inveterate deep-rooted. long-established
obsequious too eager to obey or serve
spurious false; counterfeit
retard check hinder
propitiatory conciliatory; appeasing; mitigating
maudlin sentimental in a silly or tearful way
shunt send from one track to another lay aside evade discussion
aplomb self-confidence
dulcet melodious; harmonious
tautology a repetition a redundancy
inured accustomed to adapted
gregarious living in societies liking the company
impecunious having little or no money
cursory quick; hurried
denouement an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
sordid wretched; comfortless; contemptible
hone stone used for sharpening tools
forge workshop for the shaping of metal to shape metal lead
argot jargon; slang
plethora glut
sinuous winding; undulating serpentine
desultory aimless;haphazard; digressing at random
vigilant member of a vigilance committee
mulct to deprive (someone) of something, as by fraud, extortion, etc.
harangue a long passionate speech
augury omenl sign
libertine immoral person
salacious obscene
propinquity nearness in time or place affinity of nature
recalcitrant disobedient
turgid excessively ornate swollen or bloated
odium intense hatred or dislike
homiletics act of preaching
foible defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
harrow to distress; create stress or torment
epistle letter
eclat Great brilliance, as of performance or achievement
deposition dethronement; depositing
tangential suddenly changeable
inculcate fix firmly by repetition
gainsay to deny; to oppose
nemesis deserved and unavoidable punishment for wrong doing
middling fairly good but not very good
countervail counterbalance
resort to frequently visit
repertoire A stock of plays, dances, or pieces that a company or a performer knows or is prepared to perform
nary not any; no;
pinchbeck An alloy of zinc and copper used as imitation gold; A cheap imitation
finicky finical
stentorian extremely loud and powerful
gossamer soft light; delicate material
divestiture taking off getting rid of giving up
profane worldly having contempt for God
temperance abstinence from alcohol self-control moderation
churl bad-tempered person
truculence aggressiveness ferocity
diffidence shyness
inveigh to attack verbally; denounce; deprecate
diaphanous transparent; gauzy
levee formal reception/embankment
astringent substance that shrinks
opprobrious showing scorn or reproach
nugatory trifling/worthless
trepidation alarm excited state of mind
rebuff snub
tenuous insubstantial flimsy weak
detumescence diminishing or lessening of swelling
glean gather facts in small quantities
panegyric formal praise eulogy
pucker wrinkle
vitiate lower the quality weaken the strength
disinter dig up from the earth
foppish like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
flak criticism; anti-aircraft guns
refractory stubborn; unmanageable; intractable
atavistic something reverting to an earlier type
ramify to be divided or subdivided to branch out
fecund fertile
plod continue doing something without resting
expedient likely to be useful for a purpose
encomium warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric
pugnacious fond of in the habit of fighting
vituperate curse abuse in words
distrait distracted
obloquy abusively; detractive language; sharp criticism; vituperation
quail lose courage turn frightened
trenchant forceful effective vigorous extremely perceptive incisive
discomfit confuse embarrass
disconcert upset the self-possession of
impudent rash; indiscreet
untoward unfortunate inconvenient
quaff drink deeply
calumny slander; aspersion
voluble fluent
sermon reproving a person for his faults
rabble mob crowd the lower classes of populace
sublime extreme; astounding
peremptory urgent; imperative; unchallenged; ending debate
blandishment flattery; coaxing
bereft rob or dispossess of something (material)
cant insincere talk/jargon
strut a supporting bar
prosaic straightforward.; lacking in imagination and spirit
fetter to shackle put in chains
glib ready and smooth but not sincere
turpitude wickedness shamefulness
asperity roughness; harshness; ill temper; irritability
ensign flag/badge
raffish showing vulgar in nature or appearance; tawdry
contumacious insubordinate rebellious
idyll a carefree episode or experience
teetotal oppose to alcohol
meretricious attractive on the surface but of little value
veritable real rightly named
simper (give a) silly/self-conscious smile
incense make angry
implicate to be involved
invective abusive language; curses
mien demeanor
unencumbered easy-going trifle
endemic epidemic
quotidian banal; everyday
sophistry fallacious; reasoning faulty logic
hirsute hairy; shaggy
impugned challenged to be doubted
surfeit satiate feed to fulness or to excess
umbrage offense resentment
felicitous suitably expressed; well chosen; apropos
hack cut roughly; hired horse
toady obsequious flatterer
mettle quality of endurance or courage
peregrination traveling about wandering
plaintive mournful; melancholy; sorrowful
ineffable to great to be described in words
ecumenical representing the whole Christian world
canvass discuss thoroughly sort of touting
incipient beginning
pine waste away through sorrow or illness
ostensible seeming appearing as such professed
forbear refrain from; be patient; ancestor
tout To solicit customers, votes, or patronage
tamp tap or drive down by repeated light blows
piquant agreeably pungent; stimulating
slate king of blue-grey stone propose criticize
minatory menacing; threatening
stanch to stop the flow of a fluid
plumb get to the root of
fledged able to fly trained experienced
deferential showing respect
stipple paint with dots
sundry various miscellaneous; separate
demur to hesitate; raise objections
blatant noisy and rough
aspersion slander
cadge to beg; to get by begging
consternation surprise and fear; dismay
spurn have nothing to do reject or refuse
bedizen to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner
purvey provide supply
desuetude cessation of use disuse
suppliant asking humbly beseeching
countenance to favor or approve of
miseenscene the stage setting or scenery of a play
presumption arrogance
belabor beat hard
obstreperous noisy; loud
balk obstacle purposely to get on the way of
redoubtable formidable causing fear
supercilious disdainful characterized by haughty scorn
virago a loud domineering woman a scold or nag
trite not new
stygian hence; dark; gloomy
orison prayer
brummagem Cheap and showy
reprobate person hardened in sin; one devoid of decency
preponderance greatness in number strength weight
rebus puzzle in which pictures stand for words
hermetic sealed by fusion
expiation ending; expiring
vagary strange act or idea
trencherman person who eats a lot
sententious short and pithy full of maxims/proverbs
hew make by hard work cut (by striking)
dissemble speak or behave so as to hide something (in mind)
proscribe denounce as dangerous
imperviousness not permitting penetration or passage; impenetrable
portent omen marvelous threatening
picaresque involving clever rogues or adventurers
venal ready to do something dishonest
doggerel trivial poorly constructed verse
splenetic bad-tempered;irritable
peripatetic wandering
profligacy shameless immorality
imprecation an invocation of evil a curse
mettlesome courageous; high-spirited
froward intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn
lithe bending; twisting
petrified taken away power (to think feel act)
succor assistance relief in time of distress
pileous Covered with hair
duress threats to compel somebody
ferret discover by searching search
fulsome disgusting offensive due to excessiveness
travesty parody/imitation
puissance strength
acarpous effete no longer fertile; worn out
effete infertile; worn out; weak
pied of mixed colors
edacious voracious; devouring
constrain compel
wend to go proceed
sobriquet nickname
fulmination bitter protest
nibble show some inclination to accept (an offer)
ponderous heavy; bulky; dull
slake to assuage to satisfy allay
brook to tolerate; endure
pique hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)
salutary remedial wholesome causing improvement
detraction slandering verbal attack aspersion
welter turmoil a bewildering jumble
palaver To flatter; to cajole
repast meal
stint to be thrifty to set limits
nostrum a quack remedy; an untested cure
pith essential part force soft liquid substance
nonplused greatly surprised
suborn induce by bribery or something to commit perjury
refulgent shining; brilliant
expatiate to roam wander freely
garble make unfair selection from facts
recondite little known; abstruse
fustian bombastic
scurvy mean; contemptible
mince pronounce or speak affectedly euphemize
epithet adjective
sedulous persevering
prolix tiring because too long
importune beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)
abraid to awaken or rouse
cavalcade a procession
involute complex
bilge bulge; the protuberance of a cask
sere make hard and without feeling
droll jesting
descry catch sight of see something in the distance
brazen made of brass
repine at be discontented with
limn paint portray
wag merry person
lucubrate write in scholarly fashion
coruscate sparkle
crass without refinement or sensitivity; gross.
consequential pompous self important
foment put something warm (to lessen the pain)
testiness witness/evidence
recreancy cowardice a cowardly giving up
arrant in the highest degree
quibble try to avoid by sophistication
lam a hasty escape; flight.
Archaic marked by the characteristics of an earlier period
imbibe to consume (liquids) by drinking; drink
repose rest;sleep
perfunctorily performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial
impasse a position or situation from which there is no escape; deadlock
pulchritudinous physically beautiful; comely.
eupeptic good digestion
Chicane deception
brobdingnagian gigantic
Exodus a going out; a departure
Rejoinder response
Furtive taken,done















































































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